How to Choose the Best Wheel for Your Bike

The Bike Wheel mounted with steel spokes was invented more than 120 years ago, to replace the first bike wheel made entirely of wood, similar to the wheels of a carriage. It not only greatly reduced the weight, but had its durability significantly increased. Today, a bike wheel can withstand more than 100 times its own weight, and in the most extreme off-road conditions, they support peak loads that exceed a quarter of a tone!

THE ROLE OF EACH COMPONENT

This marvel of engineering is divided into three main parts:

Cube: the core of the bike wheel, responsible for 40% of lateral stiffness and vertical absorption, arising from the diameter and distance between the flanges and the body shape. It also houses bearings and shaft, plus the ratchet / free wheel mechanism in the rear hub.

Rails and nipples:

They are the “core” of the bike wheel, and also account for 40% of rigidity, which can be increased or decreased depending on the amount and thickness used in the assembly. The influence of the chosen mounting pattern (crossed or not) is less than the amount and type of radius used – smooth, drawn, aero etc.

Aero:

It gives shape; is responsible for 20% of wheel stiffness. Its profile dictates the rolling characteristics (rougher or softer) and aerodynamics. On bicycle models with conventional brakes, it serves as a brake shoe for shoes. Its weight affects the inertia, that is, in the reactivity to the retakes and accelerations.

HOW TO CHOOSE A BIKE WHEEL


Wheels, just as the frame and the rest of the set, should reflect the experience that the rider seeks during his pedals, as well as suit his weight and power. There are currently as many combinations that it is possible to buy ready or assemble a pair of wheels ideal for each situation, since a single model probably will not meet all the demands, for all situations.

WEIGHT

According to popular belief, the first prerequisite for a bike wheel upgrade is lowering weight. Of course, in the case of a bicycle powered by limited human power, this is relevant, but it is not the most important factor. The total weight of the pair helps to make the bike lighter and, depending on its location and distribution on the wheel, influences the inertia (getting out of the rest state), but it is not the most important factor either.

AERODYNAMICS

This item is super important for road cycling, especially in flat or slightly wavy and rolled circuits, where short, steep and successive climbs do not predominate. Taking into account that most of the time the average speed will be stable, overcoming the air resistance and generating less turbulence will certainly result in higher speed with less effort.

Format, rim profile height and width are responsible for a significant improvement in aerodynamic penetration and also for bike wheel stability in front of cross and side winds. Nothing scarier than losing control of the bike in the face of a strong gust of wind, or nothing more frustrating than spending energy controlling the steering bike wheel because of its inefficiency in the face of crosswind.

RIGIDITY

When we mention rigidity, it can be divided into global, lateral and torsional. Global is the combination of lateral and torsional. Lateral is the ability to withstand lateral deflection, assisting in accelerations (pickups and sprints) and steering precision. And torsional is the ability to withstand the traction imposed by the transmission and braking. No use having light wheels if the energy placed on them is lost in lateral deviation.

MATERIALS

The materials that make up the main parts of a bike wheel certainly influence performance and, more importantly, durability and versatility.

Hoops:

The most common material is undoubtedly aluminum. The quantity and variety of profiles, alloys, widths, finishes, types of construction and reliability of the hoops manufactured with the metal attest the level of evolution reached. In terms of mechanical properties, the aluminum deforms (crumbles) before breaking and can continue to operate for a long time.

With advances in the fabrication of carbon fiber composite components, it is common to find high-performance road or MTB bike wheels that take advantage of the fantastic qualities of the material, such as low weight, rigidity, strength and vertical impact absorption capacity.

For road bike wheel, the carbon allows high profile hoops (60 to 80 mm), as well as weight and mechanical qualities that cannot be imitated by aluminum. However, the technology, although quite evolved, is in rapid evolution, but the price still restricts its acquisition. With each new generation, designers find solutions to deal with the demands on the component, delivering more performance and, especially, greater durability, which is their Achilles heel.

Another point that is starting to improve is the quality of the braking on the models used with rim brakes, something that even today put its users at a disadvantage, especially when facing humid weather. Aluminum in this respect is much more reliable and consistent than carbon, although it is rapidly changing in newer models.

It is clear that if the objective is solely and exclusively high performance, the choice for carbon (if possible) can yield excellent results. But if you rely on something totally reliable, robust and cost-effective, aluminum is still unbeatable.

Rays:

I have already mentioned that, being important pillars of the structure, the best quality models are made of stainless steel and are born from rolls (like a roll of wire) and gain final form through cold mechanical work (drawing, forging and rolling), which make them more resilient.

Flat (constant thickness), variable thickness (larger at the ends than at the center) and aero models (with blade center) are available for different purposes.

Another important item to consider when choosing a pair of wheels for a particular function is the type of spoke. The most common is with the “J” head, which depending on the quality, shape of the flange where it rests and procedures performed during assembly, yields excellent durability and performance. A wheel for training or cycling in remote locations, mounted with J-head radii, will certainly be easier to repair due to the ease of replacement, as this type of lightning is easy to find than the more specific ones.

Another widely used model is the straight head ray. Although present in an increasing number, it is much less common than the traditional, in “J”. There are also spokes made of aluminum and carbon fiber, with incredible performances, but always on bike wheel with extremely high final value, which puts them out of reach of most consumers.

The spokes are connected to the rings through nipples, through threads. The threads of the highest quality rays are rolled – to distinguish them, it is only to measure the diameter, which is greater than the diameter of the ray itself – and the threads of the most economical, cut.

Nipples are also found in different materials, the most common being nickel plated brass and the most sophisticated in anodized aluminum. To assist in the maintenance of lightning stress, there are models with threaded treatment that eliminates the need to use a screwdriver during assembly. The best quality nipples usually have the tool machining surface better machined, to avoid deformation during the rationing tenure.

Buckets:

The vast majority of the best quality cubes have their body in cast or forged aluminum, but there are models with parts in carbon and some rare in fully carbon composite. The flanges that receive the spokes may be high or low (as explained above), angled or perpendicular. And more or less spaced, directly affecting the lateral stiffness, the absorption capacity and the tensile strength, depending on the design of the wheel.

The bearings can be from the traditional ones – with tracks, cones and separate balls, that vary of quality drastically between the basic models and the top of line, in terms of tolerances, finish of the tracks, precision of the balls, hardness of the materials etc. – as sealed cartridge, usually in steel alloys, with balls in retention collars (or not), in a greater or lesser number and, in the same way as the traditional, separate cone and lane, with materials and tolerances that make them more fast and sometimes durable than the more economical models.

There are also ceramic ball bearings and steel tracks of loftier alloys, with tight tolerances, providing the least possible friction and resulting in sensitive gains in power and speed.

The shafts can be in different alloy steel and treatments, or in harder alloy aluminum. But there are some rare models in titanium. The anchorages to the frame vary between those with locking nuts and locking axes. Locations can be made entirely of steel or with parts in aluminum (lever and nut), and shaft in steel or titanium. Through shafts are generally made from aluminum, from harder alloys (7000 series).

Finally, the ratchet mechanism, which has been integrated into the cube with the improvement of the Freehub, by Shimano – which will be the only one mentioned in this article, as it has become standard in the segment of bike wheel with better quality -, is composed of a movable body which receives the set of pinions (cassette), made of steel, titanium or aluminum, and has ratchet mechanism which can be of some different types and is invariably made of treated steel, being the most suitable material to withstand the requirements imposed on the part.

It is worth mentioning that the quality and type of ratchet coupling system varies drastically between the number of splines / notches for engaging and the number of tongues or the popular little monkeys (two, three, four, six, or two toothed rings with up to points of engagement). The evolutions have brought faster-engaging models – with smaller engagement angles, for more immediate responses -, and are more resistant to load and water elements, dust etc.

Which wheels should I have for my road bike? – Wheels buying guide

Wheels are one of the best upgrades for your racing bike. Very nice, you will think, but which wheel should your racing bike have? Custom Bicycle Wheel for the race bike vary greatly in price. From a few hundred euros for a nice decent starter set to thousands of euros for the high-end carbon wheel sets.

Wheel is the most important element of a bicycle

Custom bicycle wheel are one of the most important parts of the product design. They are able to withstand the weight of a cyclist, are responsible for the quality of riding a bicycle. Also, the custom bicycle wheel provide comfort and safety for the cyclist. Therefore, the custom bicycle wheel must be of high quality.

In order to make the right choice, first you need to figure out how to choose the wheels for a bicycle. Wheels consist of a rim, spokes, bushings, chambers, tires. The main criterion by which bicycle owners choose them is the size of the rim and tires. Large custom bicycle wheel are designed for speed dialing and overcoming large obstacles. In turn, small wheels make cycling more compact and maneuverable. Therefore, the choice of wheels for a bicycle will completely hang from the style of riding a bike. The size of the wheels is indicated in inches, sometimes in millimeters. Manufacturers produce wheels in diameter from 20 to 28 inches. Small install on urban folding models.

The biggest custom bicycle wheel attach to highway and road bicycles. For the mountain wheel use a diameter of 26 inches. Tires of bicycles also differ for the drawing put on a protector. The dimensions of the tires are indicated by 2 numbers: the first number indicates the width of the tire, and the second – the landing diameter of the product. For example, take a wheel the size of 40-622. This number indicates that the width of the tire is 40 mm, and the landing diameter is 622 mm.

The tread pattern is selected based on the road conditions in which the bicycle will be operated. For flat asphalt roads, narrow and smooth tires are selected. Wide tires with high treads are perfect for riding on an uneven primer. There are also intermediate versions of tires. They are most often used by tourists. This tires with protectors on the sides. The wheel chambers differ in size and type of nipple. To date, there are three main types: Dunlop, Schrader and Presta. The latter is the smallest. Today, so-called single-tube tires are gaining in popularity. In them, the highway camera is sewn into the inside of the tire. Also become popular and tubeless tires.

The fact that a bicycle has two wheels is well known, but what is the name of that part to be replaced? A custom bicycle wheel consists of six parts:

– Spokes

– Nipples

– Rim

– Body

– Hub

– Axle (quick release or axle)

The middle part of the wheel is the hub. This is the heart of the wheel. On this the body is mounted and the spokes are attached. The body is only on a rear wheel, this is the place where the cassette is mounted. A body can be suitable for a Shimano, SRAM or Campagnolo group. Because the cassettes have different recesses it is not possible to place a Shimano cassette on a Campagnolo body and vice versa. The spokes are attached to the hub. The other end of the spokes is attached to the rim with a spoke nipple. Replacing parts on the wheel is a small job. When replacing spokes, hubs or rims, the custom bicycle wheel must be completely refocused. This is a precise job. Replacing the body is easy to do yourself.

The axle through the custom bicycle wheel ensures the attachment of the wheel to the frame. This can be done with a quick release but it can also be done with a stub axle. With a quick release you can quickly and easily remove the wheel from the frame, the axle remains in the wheel. In the case of a stub shaft, the entire shaft must be swung out in order to release the custom bicycle wheel from the frame.

In order to finish a wheel, it is also necessary to install bicycle tires. Depending on the type of rim you can assemble different types of tires. A folding tire (the most common tire), a tube (tire that is stuck to the rim) or a tubeless tire (without inner tube).

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A Marketing Plan In 7 Steps

Reading a good marketing plan will make your plans concrete and the chance of success gets greater each time. In this article you can read how to do that.

Step 1: Collect information about customer and competitor

Collect good marketing starts with information about your target group, the market, competitors and of course your product or service. Analyse them thoroughly; it is not a rocket science. Using a simple survey among your existing and/or potential customers, you can get lot of information. If necessary, you can make them complete the survey by offering a gift or discount. It can then be recovered quickly. You should come to conclusion about what does your target group think about your product? You should also analyse if they did not buy your product, then why they didn’t buy them? 

Step 2: Determine which market you want to serve

Defining your market is very important in order to use your marketing budget efficiently. A maker of small sports cars does not have to compete against Volkswagen or Renault, but instead he have to focus his marketing on a small segment of enthusiasts who sell small sports cars. His marketing plan will have to be focused strongly on the needs of that target group. The sales and communication channels should also be connected with this.

Step 3: Focus on your product or service

Positioning is the backbone of your marketing plan. What place does your product or service take on the market? Does it have a special feature such as: innovative, handy, only for women, original Amersfoorts? It is about the core message that you want to convey in your statements. It determines to a large extent about how you talk about your product or service. You have very different expressions about paint than about ice creams so make sure that you show the difference in your plan depending on the nature of the product.

Step 4: Consider the life phase of your product or service

The life phase of your product determines to a large extent what your marketing looks like. In many cases, a new product or service will market you differently (‘new!’) Than a product that has existed for some time (‘proven formula’). You can use other sales channels with different pricing.

Step 5: Clear your target group

Men or women? Elderly or young people? Hip birds or cautious middle classes? Residents of Groningen or the whole world? Segmenting by target group is an important part of the marketing plan. You can think of training, residence, faith and socio-economic background. Which approach is appropriate for your target group? 

Step 6: Investigate the buying behavior of your customers

People drive for a nice bread. Droplets, however, they buy on a spur of the moment when they are at the checkout. By knowing where and when they make a purchasing decision, you can focus your sales efforts very specifically on your target group. 

Step 7: Set your marketing budget

Money that you spend on marketing needs will be given back to you later on. It makes no sense to spend more money without making any profit. However, you will not earn money if you do not spend anything on marketing. Sit down with a large sheet of paper and count: how do your expenses outweigh the possible extra income? How do you use your marketing more efficiently? to gain more profit.

4 Marketing Tips For Starters

Starting a business is one thing, but selling your product or service successfully is often another story. Without brand awareness and a stable growth of customers or clients, there will be no real success. But how do you, as a start-up, reach as many potential customers as possible? You can read this in the article below here are very important 4 marketing tips for starters.

  1. Make it personal

When setting up a marketing campaign, try to give a personal touch to products or the service that you will put on the market. Generally speaking, people are more likely to buy a product when they can identify the product with them. One product lends itself more than the other; the latest app in the field of navigation may be easier to promote in certain target groups than others- for example – a toaster that prevents the burning of slices of bread. But if you focus on bringing the message how this toaster will change the consumer’s life in a positive way (“Never again burnt toast!”), People will soon become convinced of the necessity of this product.

  1. Appearance counts

Marketing is not only about the quality of a product or service, but the presentation also plays an important role. Whether it concerns making a choice for the packaging material, assessing the design of a new business website and accompanying brochure or determining a design for your business cards: be prepared to spend time, energy and possibly money on it. The eye wants something too. So you may soon give a presentation about your product or brand in a business relationship, make sure that it is taken care of down to the last detail. Apart from the content, marketing also contributes in making a good first impression.

  1. Take search engine optimization (SEO) seriously

In the year 2018 you, as an entrepreneur, can no longer ignore search engine optimization (often abbreviated as SEO). Using this way you can try to optimize the content (content) and the navigation of a website, so it will be ultimately scored better in Google and in other search engines. Customers come out faster to your website instead focused on your competitors. Most starting entrepreneurs do not yet have an extensive marketing budget. Compared with other marketing techniques, investing in SEO is relatively advantageous, though – if you were not born with a pen in hand – you will have to hire a copywriter to create and share new relevant content.

Good SEO results cannot be achieved in a week of time. Keep in mind that this is a certain period of time before you will actually see a stable upward trend in visitor statistics. But if you invest the necessary time and energy in SEO in the start-up phase of your company, you can reap the benefits soon or later.

  1. Approach your target group actively

If you want to bring your product or service to the attention of your target group, you can of course approach the media, but actively approaching consumers or potential clients is just as effective in many cases. Imagine: you recently started as a freelance HR consultant and you have experience with supervising employees who have faced with a dismissal procedure. Then there is a chance that part of your online network is on LinkedIn. Make sure you log in to the right groups and know what is going on inside these circles. Approach the people (where you see opportunities as an entrepreneur) who are faced with a problem or who have asked a specific question in a personal, but non-committal way.

If you promote your products or services on social media, you should always be prepared for questions and / or complaints from your followers and come to a timely and adequate response. Set up alerts so that you know when and by whom your company or brand was spoken and, if necessary and possible, contact the person who said something about your product or service. Someone can have a well-founded complaint about your company (late or incomplete delivery, broken wire, etc.), but if you speak to this person in person and in a friendly way and you can quickly come up with a solution, you can kill two birds with one stone: you can save the reputation of your company, more importantly, you probably still have a satisfied customer.